Локальное наследие и глобальная перспектива. 24-29 апреля 2014 г. - page 9

Источниковедение и историография арабских стран
Mohammed Nasarat (Al-Hussein Bin Talal University, Jordan)
Heritage conservation and tourism in the historic site
of Petra (Jordan)
Tourism is one of Jordan foremost industries. The Petra Region’s most
important aspect for the economic as well as the social development is the tourism
sector, in which the Petra Archaeological Park (PAP), one of the world’s richest
and largest archaeological parks, plays a major role. In 2010, the total visitor
number of PAP has reached more than 900,000 visitors, rapidly approaching the
maximum carrying capacity of the park, which was estimated by UNESCO at
1.26 million in 1994.
This study aims to shed light on the relationship between heritage conservation and
tourism in the Historic Center of Petra, a World Cultural Heritage Site in Jordan.
Heritage conservation has been portrayed as an alternative to economic
development, either we have historic preservation, or we have economic growth.
Even though heritage conservation efforts in Petra have been strengthened in the
last five years, tourism has been increasing steadily without appropriate planning,
therefore challenging the desired balance between conservation and tourism in the
historic center.
The relationship between heritage conservation and tourism has been assessed,
and tourism opportunities and threats for heritage conservation have been identified.
Based on the existing Master Plan for the Historic Center of Petra guiding
conservation efforts in the city, recommendations for conservation and tourism
planning have been established.
International documents such as ICOMOS’s 1999 International Cultural
Tourism Charter: Managing Tourism at Places of Heritage Significance considers
tourism to be an activity that promotes cultural exchange that has been increasingly
appreciated as a positive force for heritage conservation. This document states that
tourism can capture the economic characteristics of the heritage and harness these
for conservation by generating funding, educating the community and influencing
George Tsoutsos (Library of the Holy Synod, Athens),
Christos Teazis (University of Ankara)
The policy of the Egyptian Administration of Crete (1830–1840)
through the Greek-Ottoman newspaper
(«Cretan Events») in penal matters
Asignificant original source relating to the period from 1830 to 1840 is the Greek-
Ottoman newspaper «Cretan Events» (
). It contains 61 successive
issues of this newspaper that have survived to date and belong to the period from
1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,...436
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